Glengallan Homestead, near Warwick in Queensland, Australia was built in 1867, and was very grand indeed for its time. This was on land that had only been colonised for a couple of decades at the point the house was built, and amongst the luxury fixtures installed was a large slate bath and the first flushing toilet in Queensland, on the first floor.
Water was pumped up from the nearby creek to a holding tank under the house, then from there up to a sizeable header tank in the roof which provided the high pressure gravity feed required to flush the toilet. I assume hot water was heated in the kitchen and lugged up the stairs by servants. The header tank also provided cold water for a first floor cedar lined shower in an anteroom to the main bedroom.
A separate bath house was constructed for staff and underlings.
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